Question 35. What is the meaning of these words-"He was conceived
by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary"?
That God’s eternal Son, who [a] is, and continueth
true and eternal [b] God, took upon him the very nature
of man, of the flesh and blood [c] of the Virgin Mary,
by the operation of the Holy Ghost; [d] that he might
also be the true seed of David, [e] like unto his
brethren in all things, [f] sin excepted.
2:7 [b]: Rom.
5:20 [c]: John
4:4 [d]: Mat.
1:35 [e]: Psa.
1:3 [f]: Phil.
4:15 [g]: Heb.
2:16,16 [h]: Psa.
That he, all the time that he lived on earth, but especially at the end
of his life, [a] sustained in body and soul, the wrath
of God against the sins of all mankind: that so by his passion, as the only
[b] propitiatory sacrifice, he might redeem our body
and soul from everlasting damnation, and obtain for us the favor of God,
righteousness and eternal life.
Yes [there is]; for thereby I am assured, that he took on him the curse
which lay upon me; for the death of the cross was [e]
accursed of God.
Thereby to prove that he [c] was really dead.
Our death is not a satisfaction for our sins, but only an abolishing of
sin, and a passage into [d] eternal life.
Question 43. What further benefit do we receive from the sacrifice
and death of Christ on the cross?
That by virtue thereof, our old man is crucified, dead and [e]
buried with him; that so the corrupt inclinations of the flesh may no more
[f] reign in us; but that we may [g]
offer ourselves unto him a sacrifice of thanksgiving.
That in my greatest temptations, I may be assured, and wholly comfort myself
in this, that my Lord Jesus Christ, by his inexpressible anguish, pains,
terrors, and hellish agonies, in which he was plunged during all his sufferings,
but especially on the cross, hath [h] delivered me
from the anguish and torments of hell.
First, by his resurrection he has overcome death, that he might [a]
make us partakers of that righteousness which he had purchased for us by
his death; secondly, we are also by his power [b]
raised up to a new life; an lastly, the resurrection of Christ is a [c]
sure pledge of our blessed resurrection.
Question 47. Is not Christ then
with us even to the end of the world, as he hath promised?
Christ is very man and very God; with respect to his [c]
human nature, he is no more on earth; but with respect to his Godhead, majesty,
grace and spirit, he is at no time absent from us.
Question 48. But if his human nature
is not present wherever his Godhead is, are not then these two natures
in Christ separated from one another?
Not at all, for since the Godhead is illimitable and [d]
omnipresent, it must necessarily follow that [e]
the same is beyond the limits of the human nature he assumed, and yet is
nevertheless in this human nature, and remains personally united to it.
Question 49. Of what advantage
to us is Christ’s ascension into heaven?
First, that he is our [g] advocate in the presence
of his Father in heaven; secondly, that we have our flesh in heaven as a
sure pledge that he, as the head, will also [h]
take up to himself, us, his members; thirdly, that he [i]
sends us his Spirit as an earnest, by whose power we "seek the things
which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God, [j]
and not things on earth."
16:19 [b]: Heb.
4:10 [c]: Acts
28:20 [d]: Acts
24:30 [e]: Mat.
3:13 [g]: Heb.
8:34 [h]: John
2:6 [i]: John
5:5 [j]: Col.
Question 52. What comfort is it to thee that "Christ shall
come again to judge the quick and the dead"?
That in all my sorrows and persecutions, with uplifted head [e]
I look for the very same person, who before offered himself for my sake,
to the tribunal of God, and has removed all curse from me, to come as judge
from heaven: who shall cast all his [f] and my enemies
into everlasting condemnation, but shall translate [g]
me with all his chosen ones to himself, into heavenly joys and glory.
God the Holy Ghost
First, that he is true and co-eternal God with the Father and the [a]
Son; secondly, that he is also given [b] me, to [c]
make me by a true faith, partaker of Christ and all his benefits, that he
may [d] comfort me and [e] abide
with me for ever.
That the Son of God [a] from the [b]
beginning to the end of the world, gathers, [c] defends,
and [d] preserves to himself by his [e]
Spirit and word, out of the [f] whole human race,
a [g] church chosen to everlasting life, agreeing
in true faith; and that I am and for ever shall remain, a [h]
living member thereof.
First, that all and every one, who believes, being members of Christ, are
in common, [i] partakers of him, and of all his riches
and gifts; secondly, that every one must know it to be his duty, readily
and [j] cheerfully to employ his gifts, for the advantage
and salvation of other members.
That God, for the sake of [k] Christ’s satisfaction
will no more [l] remember my sins, neither my corrupt
nature, against which I have to struggle all my life long; but will graciously
impute to me the righteousness of Christ; that I may never be [m]
condemned before the tribunal of God.
10:11 [b]: Gen.
26:4 [c]: Rom.
1:10 [d]: John
10:16 [e]: Isa.
59:12 [f]: Deut
10:14,15 [g]: Acts
13:48 [h]: 1Cor.
8:35ff [i]: John
12:13 [j]: 1Cor.
12:13 [j]: 1Cor.
2:4,5,6 [k]: 1John
8:1,2,3 [m]: John
That not only my soul after this life shall be immediately taken [a]
up to Christ its head; but also, that this my body, being raised by the
power of Christ, shall be reunited with my soul, and [b]
made like unto the glorious body of Christ.
That [c] since I now feel in my heart the beginning
of eternal joy, after this life, [d] I shall inherit
perfect salvation, which [e] "eye hath not seen,
nor ear heard, neither hath it entered into the heart of man" to conceive,
and that, to praise God therein for ever.
That I am righteous in Christ, before God, and an heir of eternal life.
Only [b] by a true faith in Jesus Christ; so
that though my conscience accuse me, that I have grossly transgressed all
the commandments of God, and [c] kept none of them,
and am still [d] inclined to all evil; notwithstanding,
God, without any [e] merit of mine, but only of
mere [f] grace, grants [g]
and [h] imputes to me, the perfect [i]
satisfaction, righteousness and holiness of Christ; even so, as if I never
had had, nor committed any sin: yea, as if I had fully [j]
accomplished all that obedience which Christ has accomplished for me; [k]
inasmuch as I embrace such benefit with a believing heart.
Not that I am acceptable to God, on account of the [l]
worthiness of my faith; but because only the satisfaction, righteousness,
and holiness of Christ, is my righteousness before [m]
God; and that I cannot receive [n] and apply the
same to myself any other way than by faith only.
3:36 [b]: Rom.
2:8,9 [c]: Rom.
3:9ff [d]: Rom.
7:23 [e]: Rom.
3:24 [f]: Tit.
2:8,9 [g]: Rom.
5:19 [h]: 1John
2:1 [i]: Rom.
3:24,25 [j]: 2Cor.
5:21 [k]: Rom.
3:18 [l]: Psa.
2:8,9 [m]: 1Cor.
2:2 [n]: 1John
Because, that the righteousness, which can be approved of before the
tribunal of God, must be absolutely perfect, and in all respects [a]
conformable to the divine law; and also, that our best works in this life
are all imperfect and [b] defiled with sin.
Question 63. What! do not our good works merit, which yet God will
reward in this and in a future life?
This reward is not of merit, but of grace. [c]
By no means: for it is impossible that those, who are implanted into
Christ by a true faith, should not bring forth fruits of [d]
of the Sacraments
Question 65. Since then we are made partakers of Christ and all
his benefits by faith only, whence doth this faith proceed?
The sacraments are holy visible signs and seals, appointed of God for
this end, that by the use thereof, he may the more fully declare and seal
to us the promise of the gospel, vis., that he grants us freely the remission
of sin, and [c] life eternal, for the sake of that
one sacrifice of Christ, accomplished on the cross.
Question 67. Are both word and sacraments, then, ordained and appointed
for this end, that they may direct our faith to the sacrifice of Jesus
Christ on the cross, as the only ground of our salvation?
Yes, indeed: for the Holy Ghost teaches us in the gospel, and assures
us by the sacraments, [d] that the whole of our salvation
depends upon that one sacrifice of Christ which he offered for us on the
[e] Two: namely, holy baptism, and the holy supper.
of Holy Baptism
Question 69. How art thou admonished and assured by holy baptism,
that the one sacrifice of Christ upon the cross is of real advantage to
Thus: That Christ appointed [a] this external washing
with water, adding thereto this [b] promise, that
I am as certainly washed by his blood and Spirit from all the pollution
of my soul, that is, form all my sins, as I am [c]
washed externally with water, by which the filthiness of the body is commonly
It is to receive of God the remission of sins, freely, for the sake
of Christ’s blood, which he [d] shed for us by his
sacrifice upon the cross; and also to be renewed by the Holy Ghost, and
sanctified to be members of Christ, that so we may more and more die unto
sin, and [e] lead holy and unblamable lives.
Question 71. Where has Christ promised us, that he will as certainly
wash us by his blood and Spirit, as we are washed with the water of baptism?
In the institution of baptism, which is thus expressed: [f]
"Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name
of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost [g],"
"he that believeth, and is baptized, shall be saved; but he that believeth
not, shall be damned." This promise is also repeated, where the scripture
calls baptism the [h] washing of regeneration, and
the washing [i] away of sins.
2:38 [b]: Mark
6:3 [c]: Mark
3:3 [d]: Heb.
1:2 [e]: John
2:11 [f]: Mat.
28:19 [g]: Mark
16:16 [h]: Tit.
3:5 [i]: Acts